Erythroderma

Definitions

  • Erythroderma: majority of skin surface is erythematous
    • Morbilliform (Measles-Like) Rash (see also Exanthems, [[Exanthems]]): erythematous maculopapular rash
    • Scarlatiniform (Scarlet Fever-Like) Rash (see also Exanthems, [[Exanthems]]): blanching erythematous rash

Etiology

Primary Cutaneous Disorders

  • Atopic Dermatitis
  • Contact Dermatitis (see Contact Dermatitis-Allergic, [[Contact Dermatitis-Allergic]] and Contact Dermatitis-Irritant, [[Contact Dermatitis-Irritant]])
    • Local Contact Dermatitis
    • Systemic Contact Dermatitis
  • Psoriasis (see Psoriasis, [[Psoriasis]])
    • Pustular Psoriasis: may present with migratory waves of erythema with superficial pustules
  • Seborrheic Erythroderma
  • Stasis Erythroderma
  • Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris

Infection

Malignancy

  • Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (see Lymphoma, [[Lymphoma]])
  • Lymphoma (see Lymphoma, [[Lymphoma]])
  • Erythroderma Associated with Solid Tumors: case reports only (with most cases reported in association with late-stage disease)
    • Colon Cancer
    • Hepatocellular Carcinoma
    • Lung Cancer
    • Prostate Cancer
    • Thyroid Cancer

Drugs

Other

  • Anaphylaxis (see Anaphylaxis, [[Anaphylaxis]])
  • Idiopathic Erythroderma

Clinical

Dermatologic Manifestations

  • Erythroderma
  • Scaling: may be present
  • Erosions: may be present
  • Pustules: may be present
  • Shedding of Hair and Nails: may be present
  • Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) (see Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms, [[Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms]]): may occur with drug-induced cases

Other Manifestations


References

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