Albuterol (Ventolin)



  • Short-Acting β2-Adrenergic Receptor Agonist (SABA) (see β2-Adrenergic Receptor Agonists, [[β2-Adrenergic Receptor Agonists]])
    • Albuterol is a racemic mixture of (S)-albuterol and (R)-albuterol


  • INH: 2 puffs q4 hrs PRN with spacer

Dose Adjustment

  • Hepatic
  • Renal

Adverse Effects

Cardiovascular Adverse Effects

  • QT Prolongation without Definite Association with Torsade (see Torsade, [[Torsade]])
  • Sinus Tachycardia (see Sinus Tachycardia, [[Sinus Tachycardia]])

Neurologic Adverse Effects

  • Tremor (see Tremor, [[Tremor]])

Pulmonary Adverse Effects

Renal Adverse Effects

  • Hypokalemia (see Hypokalemia, [[Hypokalemia]]): albuterol shifts potassium intracellularly

Other Adverse Effects

  • xxx
  • xxx
  • xxx


  • Paradoxical bronchospasm: a potentially life threatening adverse effect of albuterol. South Med J. 2006 Mar;99(3):288-9 [MEDLINE]