Arboviruses (Arthropod-Borne Viruses)

Family Bunyaviridae

Genus Nairovirus

  • Crimean–Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus (see Crimean–Congo Hemorrhagic Fever)
    • Vector: tick
    • Geography: Africa, Middle East, Asia, and southeastern Europe
      • Most Frequently Reported Countries: Turkey, Russia, Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan

Genus Orthobunyavirus

  • Bunyamwera Virus
  • California Encephalitis Virus Serogroup (see California Encephalitis Virus): may be found in the United States, Europe, and Asia
    • Snowshoe Hare Virus
      • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
      • Incubation: 5-15 days
      • Geography: northern United States
    • Jamestown Canyon Virus
      • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
      • Incubation: 5-15 days
      • Geography: United States
    • La Crosse Encephalitis Virus
      • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
      • Incubation: 5-15 days
      • Geography: midwest, eastern, and southern United States

Genus Phlebovirus

  • Heartland Virus
  • Rift Valley Fever Virus
  • Toscana Virus

Family Flaviviridae

Genus Flavivirus

  • Dengue Virus (see Dengue Virus)
    • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
    • Incubation: xxx
    • Geography: Asia, South America, Puerto Rico, United States Virgin Islands, souther Texas
  • Japanese Encephalitis Virus (see Japanese Encephalitis Virus)
    • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
    • Incubation: 4-14 days
    • Geography: Asia
  • Kyasanur Forest Disease Virus
    • Vector: tick
  • Murray Valley Encephalitis Virus
    • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
    • Incubation: 4-14 days
    • Geography: Australia, New Guinea
  • Powassan Virus
    • Vector: tick
    • Incubation: 4-18 days
    • Geography: northern United States
  • Spondweni Virus
  • St. Louis Encephalitis Virus (see St Louis Encephalitis Virus)
    • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
    • Incubation: 4-14 days
    • Geography: United States
  • Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus (see Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus)
    • Vector: tick
    • Incubation: 8-14 days
    • Geography: Europe
  • West Nile Virus (see West Nile Virus)
    • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
    • Incubation: 5-15 days
    • Geography: United States, souther Europe, Asia, Africa
  • Yellow Fever Virus (see Yellow Fever Virus)
    • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
    • Incubation: 3-6 days
    • Geography: tropical South America and sub-Saharan Africa
  • Zika Virus (see Zika Virus)
    • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
    • Incubation: 2-14 days
    • Other Forms of Transmission: maternal-fetal transmission, sex (vaginal, anal, oral), blood products, organ transplantation, laboratory exposure
    • Geography: southeast Asia, Africa, Pacific Islands
      • Current Outbreak in United States, South America, Caribbean, and Pacific

Genus Hepacivirus

Genus Pegivirus

  • GB Virus A
  • GB Virus C
  • GB Virus D

Family Reoviridae

Subfamily Sedoreovirinae

Genus Orbivirus

  • African Horse Sickness Virus
  • Bluetongue Disease Virus
  • Equine Encephalosis Virus

Genus Seadornavirus

  • Banna Virus

Subfamily Spinareovirinae

Genus Coltivirus

  • Colorado Tick Fever Virus
    • Vector: tick

Family Togaviridae

Genus Alphavirus

  • Chikungunya Virus (see Chikungunya Fever)
    • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
    • Geography: West Africa, India, Asia, Americas
  • Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus
    • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
    • Incubation: 3-10 days
    • Geography: eastern United States, Canada, South America
  • Ross River Virus
  • Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus
    • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
    • Incubation: 1-4 days
    • Geography: Central and South America
  • Western Equine Encephalitis Virus
    • Vector: mosquito (see Mosquito Bite)
    • Incubation: 2-10 days
    • Geography: western United States, Canada, South America

References

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