Pneumoperitoneum

Etiology

  • CO2 Pneumoperitoneum: due to therapeutic CO2 insufflation during laparoscopy (see Laparoscopy, [[Laparoscopy]])
  • Perforated Hollow Organ
    • Gastric Perforation
    • Small intestinal Perforation
    • Colonic Perforation
  • Pneumomediastinum (see Pneumomediastinum, [[Pneumomediastinum]])

Physiology

  • Path of Air Movement
    • Mediastinum (pneumomediastinum) -> Left and Right Pleural Space (causing pneumothorax), Neck Soft Tissues (causing subcutaneous emphysema), or Peritoneum (causing pneumoperitoneum)

Clinical

  • xxxxx

Treatment

  • xxxx

References

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