Pneumomediastinum

Etiology

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  • Ventilator-Associated Barotrauma (see [[Acute Lung Injury-ARDS]])
  • Bleomycin (see [[Bleomycin]])
  • Crack Cocaine (see [[Cocaine]])
  • Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia (see [[Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia]]): rarely presents with pneumomediastinum

Physiology

  • Path of Air Movement
    • Mediastinum (pneumomediastinum) -> Left and Right Pleural Space (causing [[Pneumothorax]]), Neck Soft Tissues (causing [[Subcutaneous Emphysema]]), or Peritoneum (causing [[Pneumoperitoneum]])

References

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