Hydrofluoric Acid

Exposure

  • Microelectronic Manufacturing
  • Phosphate Fertilizer Manufacturing
  • Household Rust Removers: mixture with chlorine-containing household bleach can result in the release of chlorine and hydrogen fluoride
  • Pyrolysis of Fluorinated Polymers
  • Aluminum Smelting: chronic exposure may also occur in this industry
  • Breakdown of Sulfur Hexafluoride: an electrical insulting liquid chemical used in equipment

Physiology

  • Hydrofluoric Acid Aerosol or Vapor Inhalation

Clinical Presentations

Pulmonary Manifestations

Other Manifestations


Treatment

  • Steroids: may be beneficial in acute lung injury, but unproven

References

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