Bromine-Methyl Bromide

Inhalational Exposure

  • Bromine Liquid: usually handled as liquid -> readily vaporizes -> respiratory irritant
    • More irritating than chlorine
    • Approximately 100-fold more irritating than ammmonia
    • Used in chemical synthesis and water purification
  • Methyl Bromide Gas (Bromomethane): respiratory irritant and CNS toxin
    • Used as industrial fumigant

Diagnosis

  • Blood/Urine Inorganic Bromide Level: elevated in methyl bromide toxicity

Clinical

Pulmonary Manifestations

CNS Manifestations

  • Confusion
  • Seizures (see Seizures, [[Seizures]])
  • Persistent Neurologic Deficits: may occur after acute recovery
    • Asthenia
    • Cognitive Impairment
    • Optical atrophy
    • Paresthesias

References

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