Clubbing

Etiology

Cardiac

Gastrointestinal

Pulmonary

Other

  • Axillary Artery Aneurysm: causes unilateral clubbing
  • Familial Clubbing
  • Grave’s Disease (Thyroid Acropachy) (see Grave’s Disease, [[Graves Disease]])
  • Pseudoclubbing: African-Africans may have what appears to be clubbing

(Note: clubbing is not associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD)


References

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