Pleural Effusion-Bloody Effusion

Definition

  • Bloody Effusion: RBC count >100k
    • Note that if Hct is >50% of the serum Hct, then this is classified as a hemothorax instead (see [[Pleural Effusion-Hemothorax]])

Etiology

  • Benign Asbestos Pleural Effusion (see [[Benign Asbestos Pleural Effusion]]0: can occur as early as 10 years after asbestos exposure
  • Pleural Metastases (see [[Pleural Metastases]])
    • [[Mesothelioma]]
    • [[Lung Cancer]]
    • Pleural Metastases (see [[Pleural Effusion-Exudate]])
  • Tuberculosis (see [[Tuberculosis]])
  • SLE (see [[SLE]])
  • Uremia (see [[Chronic Kidney Disease]])
  • Acute PE (see [[Acute PE]])
  • Coagulopathy
  • Extramedullary Hematopoiesis (see [[Extramedullary Hematopoiesis]])
  • Endometriosis (see [[Endometriosis]])
  • Post-Cardiac Injury Syndrome (see [[Post-Cardiac Injury Syndrome]])
  • Post-CABG Pleural Effusion (see [[Post-CABG Pleural Effusion]])