Mediastinal Mass

Anterior Mediastinal Mass

  • Anterior Mediastinal Lymphadenopathy:
    • Lymphoma
    • Hodgkin’s Disease:
    • Metastases to Anterior Mediastinal Nodes:
      • Breast cancer
      • Renal cell cancer
      • Testicular cancer
    • Benign Lymph Node Hyperplasia:
    • Angioimmunoblastic Lymphadenopathy (AILD): see ILD, Lymphadenopathy
    • Sarcoidosis:
    • Granulomatous Infection:
      • TB: see Middle Mediastinal Lymphadenopathy
      • Histo:
      • Blasto:
      • Cocci:
    • Lymphoproliferative Disorders of the Lung:
      • Nodular Lymphoid Hyperplasia (Pseudolymphoma):
      • LIP:
      • MALToma:
  • Thyroid (Intrathoracic Goiter) (see [[Goiter]])
  • Teratoid/Germ Cell: teratoma, dermoid cyst,
  • Lymphoma

  • Mediastinal Fibrosis (see [[Mediastinal Fibrosis]])


Middle Mediastinal Mass

  • Middle Mediastinal Lymphadenopathy:
    • Bacterial Lung Abscess:
    • [[Tuberculosis]]
    • [[Histoplasmosis]]
    • [[Blastomycosis]]
    • [[Coccidioidomycosis]]
    • [[Measles]]
    • [[Cat Scratch Fever]]
    • [[Pertussis]]
    • [[Epstein-Barr Virus|Mononucleosis]]
    • [[Plague]]
    • [[Tularemia]]
    • Drug Reaction
    • [[Castlemans Disease]] (Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia)
    • [[Rheumatoid Arthritis]]
    • [[SLE]]
    • [[Amyloidosis]]
    • [[Silicosis]]
    • [[Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis]]
    • [[Berylliosis]]
    • [[Sarcoidosis]]
    • [[Hodgkins Disease]]
    • [[Lymphoma]]
    • Leukemia
    • Metastases to Middle Mediastinal Nodes
      • Breast cancer
      • Renal cell cancer
      • Testicular cancer
    • [[Angioimmunoblastic Lymphadenopathy]]
    • Lymphoproliferative Disorders of the Lung:
      • Nodular Lymphoid Hyperplasia (Pseudolymphoma)
      • [[Lymphocytic Interstitial Pneumonia]]
      • MALToma:
  • Neoplasm
    • xxx
  • Thyroid (Intrathoracic Goiter) (see [[Goiter]])
  • Mediastinal Lipomatosis (see [[Mediastinal Lipomatosis]])
  • Mediastinal Fibrosis (see [[Mediastinal Fibrosis]])

Posterior Mediastinal Mass

  • Posterior Mediastinal Lymphadenopathy
    • xxx
  • Neoplasm
    • Schwannoma (see [[Schwannoma]])
    • Chemodectoma (see [[Chemodectoma]])
    • Ganglioneuroma (see [[Ganglioneuroma]])
    • Teratoma (see [[Teratoma]])
    • Vagal Nerve Neurofibroma (see [[Neurofibromatosis]])
  • Meningocele (see [[Neurofibromatosis]])
  • Thyroid (Intrathoracic Goiter) (see [[Goiter]])
  • Paraesophageal Varices (see [[Paraesophageal Varices]])
  • Phremochromocytoma (see [[Pheochromocytoma]])

  • Mediastinal Fibrosis (see [[Mediastinal Fibrosis]])


Mediastinal Adenopathy

  • Cancer: Lung Ca, NHL, Hodgkin’s, Seminoma
  • Infection: TB, Cocci, Histo
  • Sarcoid:
  • CF:
  • ABPA: case reports
  • Acute Eosinophilic Pneumonia (AEP)