Calcium Channel Blockers

Agents

Dihydropyridines

  • Amlodipine (Norvasc) (see Amlodipine, [[Amlodipine]])
  • Felodipine (Plendil) (see Felodipine, [[Felodipine]])
  • Isradipine (DynaCirc, Prescal) (see Isradipine, [[Isradipine]])
  • Nicardipine (Cardene) (see Nicardipine, [[Nicardipine]])
  • Nifedipine (Procardia) (see Nifedipine, [[Nifedipine]])
  • Nimodipine (Nimotop) (see Nimodipine, [[Nimodipine]])

Non-Dihydropyridines

Benzothiazepine

  • Diltiazem (Cardizem) (see Diltiazem, [[Diltiazem]])

Phenylalkylamines

  • Verapamil (Calan, Isoptin, Verelan, Verelan PM, Bosoptin, Covera-HS) (see Verapamil, [[Verapamil]])

Pharmacology

  • Calcium Channel Blockade

Adverse Effects

Cardiovascular Adverse Effects

Bradycardia (see Bradycardia, [[Bradycardia]])

  • Physiology:

Hypotension (see Hypotension, [[Hypotension]])

  • Physiology: class effect (common to all calcium channel blockers)

Other Adverse Effects

  • xxxx
  • xxxx
  • xxxx

Calcium Channel Blocker Intoxication

Diagnosis

  • Diagnosis
    • xxx

Clinical Manifestations

Treatment

  • Calcium IV

References

  • xxxx