Streptococcus Agalactiae (Group B Strep)

Microbiology

  • Member of Streptococcus Genus (see Streptococcus, [[Streptococcus]])
  • Streptococcus Agalactiae is part of the normal intestinal flora
  • Streptococcus Agalactiae is part of the normal vaginal flora in 10-20% of women
    • Trans-vaginal transmission may infect the neonate

Clinical Manifestations

  • Bacterial Sepsis of the Newborn
    • Early-onset bacterial sepsis of the newborn is more more commonly associated with neonatal pneumonia (see Pneumonia, [[Pneumonia]])
    • Late-onset bacterial sepsis of the newborn is more commonly associated with neonatal meningitis (see Meningitis, [[Meningitis]])
  • Necrotizing Fasciitis (see Necrotizing Fasciitis, [[Necrotizing Fasciitis]])

Treatment

Acute Skin/Skin Structure Infection

  • Ceftaroline (Teflaro, Zinfloro) (see Ceftaroline, [[Ceftaroline]])

References

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