Autonomic Insufficiency Syndrome (Dysautonomia)

Etiology

  • Autoimmune disorders, especially Lyme disease[5] and Type I diabetes
  • Bad body posture (causes compression of important arteries and/or nerves) [xxx]
  • Brain injury
  • Degenerative neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s disease
  • Exposure to chemicals (e.g., most commonly, pyridoxine)
  • Genetic factors
  • Hereditary connective tissue diseases, especially Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
  • Pregnancy
  • Physical trauma or injury which damages the autonomic nervous system, as with Cerebral salt-wasting syndrome.
  • Viral illness
  • Mitochondrial Diseases

Clinical

  • Excessive fatigue
  • Excessive thirst (polydipsia)
  • Lightheadedness, dizziness or vertigo
  • Feelings of anxiety or panic (not mentally induced)
  • Rapid heart rate or slow heart rate
  • Orthostatic hypotension, sometimes resulting in syncope[3] (fainting)
  • Other symptoms frequently associated with dysautonomia include: headaches, pallor, malaise, facial flushing, salt cravings, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, acid reflux, visual disturbances, orthostatic hypotension, numbness, nerve pain, trouble breathing, chest pains, in some cases loss of consciousness and seizures.
  • Acute/Chronic Hypoventilation (see Acute Hypoventilation, [[Acute Hypoventilation]] and Chronic Hypoventilation, [[Chronic Hypoventilation]])

  • A full list of symptoms may be found at the Dysautonomia Information Network


References

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